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Spelling in Kashub Poland Barry's Bay-Wilno Renfrew Canadian Spelling Variations of Name in Ontario Canada Variations of Name in U.S.A.
1) ADAMCZYK ADAMCHICK    
Name encountered in Renfrew and Otter Lake areas and very common in central Cassubia in Poland, north of Lipusz.
2) ARMATOWSKI     ARMATOSKI
Not in great numbers in Polonia region, Wisconsin.
3) AUGUST (as a family name) AUGUST    
Name encountered only in Round Lake, Whitney areas of Renfrew County, Ontario.
4) BABIN~SKI BABINSKI BABA  
Not too frequent a name in North America. Two regions in which it appears are: Barry's Bay, Ontario and Warsaw, Minto areas of North Dakota. In Poland, I saw the name on the southernmost tip of the Kashub region.
5) BARA (no change in name throughout)      
Name quite common in Lipusz, Poland and in Wisconsin, U.S.A. Not known in the Ottawa Valley.
6) BE~MBENEK (a little drum)     BAMBENEK, BEMBENEK, BAMBENECK
Early Round Lake records show a Bembenek woman married to a man of another name. Otherwise, the name is very frequent only around Lipusz, etc., Poland and in the Winona area of Minnesota. There are 19 Bembeneck in Stevens Point area of Wisconsin and 37 Bambenek in Winona directory.
7) BIADASZ     BIADASH
Not certain if Kashub. Name known only in Stevens Point, Polonia areas of Wisconsin. There are 10 in Polonia, Stevens Point, Wisconsin phone directory.
8) BIAL~K     BIALK
Name known only in Stevens Point, Polonia regions of Wisconsin. It could be a shortened form of Bial~kowski. The Kashubs dearly love to make their names as short as possible, with lots of consonants in them, e.g.: Maszk, Ksionsk, Bronk.
9) BIELAWSKI BIELASKI, BELASKI    
Name common in the Lipusz, Wiele areas of Kashub, Poland and in the Ottawa Valley.
10) BIERNACKI BERNATSKI, BIERNASKI    
Name not encountered elsewhere, but the name appears in the Ottawa Valley as a pioneer Kashub name. There are very many Biernackis and Bernackis also in other areas of Poland.
11) BL~ANK, BL~ONK BLANK   BLANK, BONK(?)
A Kashub name quite common in Barry's Bay, Wilno regions, in Lipusz, Poland and in the Winona region of Minnesota. There are 10 Blank in Winona, Minnesota phone directory.
12) BL~ASZKOWSKI BLASKOWSKI BLASKIE

(Otter Lake)

BLASKOWSKI
Common Kashub name in Poland though not in Lipusz Parish. Known in the Stevens Point, Polonia, Bevent regions of Wisconsin. There are 6 in Stevens Point and 1 in Winona directory.
13) BOJAN BOYAN    
A name not encountered often. You find a family of Boyans in the early Wilno church records. Mrs. John Burant's (nee Smaglinski) mother was a Boyan.
14) BORUCKI BORUTSKI BORUTSKIE  
Name common in Barry's Bay, Wilno, Round Lake areas of Ontario.
15) BORZYSZKOWSKI     BORZYSKOWSKI
The name is from the village of Borzyszkowo. The name is seen only in Lipusz, Poland and in Stevens Point, Polonia areas of Wisconsin.
16) BREZA     BREZA
Very common name in Lipusz area of Poland. Common also in Winona region of Minnesota (Fr. Breza, founder of Winona Polish Museum). Our great-grandmother, Mrs. Anthony Kulas, nee Bertha Breza, lies buried in old Wilno cemetery, but otherwise no Brezas in the Wilno region. There are 15 Breza in Winona phone directory.
17) BRONK     BRONK
Typical Kashub name. It is unknown to me except in Lipusz, Poland and Stevens Point, Polonia regions of Wisconsin. There are 12 in Stevens Point and 15 in Winona phone directory.
18) BROTON~ BROTTON   BROTON
Name known in Barry's Bay, Wilno regions, in Lipusz, Poland, and a few in Stevens Point region of Wisconsin but not a common name.
19) BRUSKI     BRUSKI
A name not known in Ontario, but quite common in Stevens Point, Wisconsin area and in Lipusz, Poland. There are 10 Bruski in Stevens Point and 1 in Winona.
20) BUCH BUCH    
Name known only in Barry's Bay, Wilno regions. Probably a name of German derivation (Buch = book), taken by a Kashub early settler who had been a soldier in the Kaiser's army to evade being traced by his Kashub name.
21) BURANT, BURANDT BURANT (Burent-early)   BURANT
Quite a common Kashub name, though a Burant man in Poland insisted the name was of French derivation. Also spelled "Burent" in early Wilno church records. In Lipusz, two spellings appear on tombstones: "Burandt", probably from German times and "Burant". Burants are found in Lipusz, in the Barry's Bay, Wilno regions, and more in the Melville, etc., regions of Saskatchewan. Two Burant boys from the Polonia region of Wisconsin became parish priests in New York City. There are a few Burants left in the Stevens Point, Polonia regions.
22) BURCHARDT BURCHAT BURKETT, BURCHAT  
The only Burchats I have encountered anywhere are in the Ottawa Valley. There are many there, all of them Kashub Poles. In the early Wilno parish records the name was sometimes spelled Burchart, which leads me to think the name is of German derivation. Variation might be: Burchart, Burchardt, Burchard, Borchert.
23) BRZESKI      
Is a familiar name in the Lipusz region of Poland, but seems unknown in places investigated in Canada and the U.S.A. Paul Brzeski from Poland, but living in Toronto has been a great contributor to the Wilno Kashub museum and other projects.
24) BREZEZIN~SKI BREZINSKI BREZYNSKI BERZINSKI
This is a fairly common name in the Ottawa Valley and in the Lipusz area of Poland. The curator of the Kashub Museum in Kartuzy was Franek Brzezinski. Not encountered in U.S.A. Kashub areas. This is one of those names that can be encountered also in other areas of Poland, e.g.: Zbigniew Brzezinski.
25) BURLOWSKI BURLOWSKI    
A rare Kashub name found in early days of Wilno settlements and in Lipusz, Poland.
26) BUSZMAN     BUSHMAN
The name "Bushman" is very common in the Polonia-Stevens Point area but not in the other regions visited. There are 2 listed in the Fountain City (near Winona), WI directory. Around Polonia some Bushmans are engaged in the Potato Brokerage business.
27) CEYNOWA     CYNOWA
Florian Ceynowa was a great northern Kashub writer and patriot in the 19th Century. The name is unknown in Ontario, but there are Cynowa tombstones in the Perham, Minnesota cemetery.
28) CHRZANOWSKI CHERNOSKI    
Name familiar in Kashub, Poland and in Barry's Bay, Round Lake, Renfrew areas of Ontario. A name known also in other than Kashub areas of Poland.
29) CHWASZCZYN~SKI CHWASCZYNSKI    
I have encountered the name only in Barry's Bay and in the Lipusz area of Poland. Rare.
30) CISEWSKI, CIZ|EWSKI     CIZEWSKI
Name unknown in Ontario, but quite common in Stevens Point, Polonia areas of Wisconsin and around Winona, Minnesota. There are 35 in the Stevens Point, Polonia phone directory and 12 in Winona, Minnesota.
31) CYBULSKI     CEBULA, SEBULSKY
One of the names preserved in its original Polish; common in Ontario and in Plentywood, Montana and in Lipusz region of Poland. A name known also in other non-Kashub regions of Poland.
32) CYCHOSZ, CICHOSZ     CYCHOSH, CEKOSH, SECOSH
A name quite common in the Polonia, Stevens Point area of Wisconsin. There are 11 in the phone directory there.
33) CYRA CYRA    
A name which is dying out in the Barry's Bay region. Familiar in Lipusz area of Poland. Jack Cyra, an athlete of note, worked with John Omanique in lumbering in Barry's Bay. There are 2 Cyra in Stevens Point phone directory.
34) CYRZAN, CIERZAN SERRAN   CYRZAN, CIERZAN
Common name in Barry's Bay, Round Lake region of Ontario and more common in the Winona, Pine Creek regions of Minnesota and Wisconsin. There are 11 in the phone directory there. It doesn't sound like a Polish name? Origin is unknown.
35) CZAPIEWSKI CHAPESKI   CHAPIEWSKI
One of the very common names all around Kashub Poland. Possible origin is from the village Czapiewice. Very common also in the Barry's Bay, Wilno, Renfrew areas and around Winona, Minnesota and in Minto, North Dakota area. There are 3 in Stevens Point and 2 in Winona phone directories.
36) CZAPLEWSKI     CHAPLESKI
Seems to be a Kashub name also. Encountered only in the Winona region of Minnesota. There are 23 in the phone directory there.
37) CZARNOWSKI SERNOSKI   CZARNOWSKI
Common name in Barry's Bay, Round Lake region of Ontario and in Lipusz region of Poland. There is 1 in the Winona phone directory.
38) DAMASZEK     DAMASZEK, DOMASZEK, DAMASK, DOMASK
Unknown in Ontario but common Kashub name in Stevens Point, Polonia region of Wisconsin.
39) DARGAS DARGAS DREGAS, DRYGAS  
Not common, but name known in Barry's Bay region and in Kashub Poland. Name probably not of Polish derivation.
40) DATTA DOTA DOTEY  
One of few Kashub names written with a double consonant (tt), but consistently spelled "Datta" in Lipusz area of Poland and Winona area of Minnesota. Quite common. There are 7 in Winona phone directory.
41) DEDO, DZIEDZIO? DEDO    
Name quite common in Renfrew, Ontario, but not seen elsewhere.
42) DERDOWSKI   DERDOWSKI, DERDA  
Name of famous Kashub poet "Hieronim Derdowski", I saw the name on a tombstone in Wiele, Poland and in a parish register in Warsaw, North Dakota. Very rare.
43) DOBEK DOBEK DOBEC DOBECK
Common name in Lipusz area of Poland and in Renfrew area of Ontario. A few Dobecks in Stevens Point region of Wisconsin, 6 in the phone directory.
44) DOMBROWSKI, DA~BROWSKI DOMBROSKI   DOMBROWSKI
A universal Polish name, spelled "Da~browski" (from da~b = oak) in other areas of Poland. Among the Kashubs it is more generally spelled "Dombrowski" though not always. Very common name in Barry's Bay, Wilno Renfrew regions of Ontario and in the Lipusz area of Poland and in Polonia, Stevens Point areas of Wisconsin. There are 23 Dombrowski in the phone directory, but not common in other North American Kashub settlements.
45) DORAWA     DORAWA, DORAVA, DURAVA
Found in Kashub area of Poland and in Pine Creek region of Wisconsin.
46) DORZEK DORZEK    
Name found in Kashub Poland and in the Otter Lake, Renfrew region of Canada.
47) DRA~Z|KOWSKI     DRAZKOWSKI
Very common name in the Winona area of Minnesota. Unknown in Ontario. There are 36 in the Winona phone directory.
48) DREWA     DREWA, DREVA
Common in Stevens Point region of Wisconsin and in Kashub, Poland. Unknown in Ontario. There are 3 Dreva in Stevens Point phone directory and 3 Drewa.
49) DRIFKA     DRIFKA
Quite a number in the Stevens Point area of Wisconsin, 8 in Stevens Point, Polonia phone directory and in Kashub, Poland. Unknown in Ontario.
50) DZIEMINSKI DZIEMINSKI    
(Origins in village of Dziemiany?)
Common in Lupusz area of Poland, one among early pioneers on the Opeongo Line bore that name.
51) EBERTOWSKI     EBERTOWSKI, EBERT
Common name in Lipusz area of Poland and in Winona region of Minnesota and its secondary colonies, e.g., Greenbush, Minto and Warsaw, North Dakota. Unknown in Ontario. There are 10 Ebert and 7 Ebertowski in Winona phone directory and 9 families of Ebertowskis in Minto, Warsaw yearbook, North Dakota.
52) ERDMAN~CZYK ERDMANCHICK ERTMANSKI, ETMANSKI ERDMANCZYK, ERDMAN, ERDMANN
Quite common in Winona area of Minnesota, 2 Erdmanczyk, 3 Erdman, 9 Erdmann in Winona phone directory, 3 in Stevens Point phone book. One family of Erdmanczyks appears in the early Wilno church records, living around Halfway. In later records the name appears as Ertmanski, finally as Etmanski, but it is a different name than Etmanski. Possibly of German derivation. Don't remember seeing the name in Poland.
53) ERON HERRON, ERON   ERON
Name quite common to Lipusz area of Poland and in Barry's Bay, Wilno areas of Ontario. In Ontario the name has become anglicized to Herron, but is definitely the same name. Origin of this strange name unknown. There are 5 Eron in Stevens Point, Polonia phone directory.
54) ETMAN~SKI, HETMAN~SKI ETMANSKI    
Both forms appear in Lipusz cemeteries. The name Etmanski is very common in Barry's Bay, Wilno and Renfrew regions throughout Ontario. I have not found the name in Kashub settlements in the U.S.A.
55) FELCKOWSKI, FELC     FELCKOWSKI, FELTZ, FILTZ
Name quite common in Lipusz area of Poland and in Stevens Point area of Wisconsin. There are 4 Filtz in Stevens Point phone book, 5 Felckowski and 28 Feltz. Unknown in Ontario.
56) FELSKI     FELSKI
Common in Kashub Poland and known in parts of U.S.A. Unknown in Ontario. The name Afelski, common in Barry's Bay region only, is a different name and not Kashub.
57) FIRKUS FIRKUS, VIRKUS   FIRKUS
Common in the Stevens Point, Polonia regions of Wisconsin and known in the Renfrew region of Ontario. There are 50 Firkus in Stevens Point, Polonia phone directory.
58) FLIS FLEECE, FLEICE   FLEES, FLISS
Common Kashub name in Poland, in the Stevens Point, Polonia regions of Wisconsin and to a lesser degree in the Round Lake etc., regions of Ontario. "Flis" is the original Polish spelling; "Flees" and" Fliss" are common spellings in Wisconsin, "Fleece", "Fleice" are Ontario spellings. There are 6 Flees in Stevens Point, Polonia phone directory and several Fliss.
59) FLISAKOWSKI     FLISAKOWSKI
Could be a different rendition of the original "Flis"? The name is familiar in Kashub Poland but rare in North America. There are 5 in Stevens Point, Wisconsin phone directory.
60) FRYDA FRYDA   FRYDA, FREDA, FRYDACH(?)
The name appears in the early Barry's Bay-Wilno records but is extinct now. Appears also in Fancher, Wisconsin and in Kashub, Poland, but seems to be rare. There are 3 Freda in Stevens Point phone directory.
61) FRYMARK FREEMARK   FLYMARK
Kashub name appears in the Renfrew region of Ontario where it is anglicized to "Freemark". There are 3 or 4 in Stevens Point phone directory. Rare, does not seem to be of Polish derivation, German?
62) GAGAS     GAGAS
Probably a Kashub name. Lots in the Stevens Point area of Wisconsin, 30 in the phone directory, but not encountered elsewhere.
63) GAN~ SKI GANSKI   GANSKI
One on the Opeongo Line in early 1860's. There are 2 in Polonia, Wisconsin phone directory. Not common.
64) GIERSZEWSKI     GERSZEWSKI
One of two in Stevens Point, Polonia areas of Wisconsin, a whole lot in Lipusz, Poland and in Warsaw, Minto regions of North Dakota. There are 11 families listed in yearbook.
65) GILMEISTER     GILLMEISTER, GILMEISTER
A common name in Kashub, Poland and in Stevens Point areas of Wisconsin, 6 Gilmeister in Stevens Point phone directory. Unknown in Ontario, No doubt of German derivation.
66) GLISZCZYN~SKI GLISINSKI, GLYSINSKI   GLISCZYNSKI
About 10 in Stevens Point, Polonia phone directory. The name is not frequent there but is known in the Barry's Bay, Wilno regions of Ontario and in Kashub, Poland.
67) GL~ĒWCZEWSKI GLOFCHESKI   GLOWCZEWSKI
Origins in village of Gl~—wczewice, near L≥sno, Poland. Quite a number in Barry's Bay, Wilno regions of Ontario and 3 or 4 in the telephone directory for Winona, Minnesota.
68) GOL~A~BEK (little dove) GOLOMBEK    
Name known in Barry's Bay early days. Not certain if Kashub name.
69) GOL~KA GOLKA    
Original probably Go?ka. Fairly common name in Barry's Bay, Wilno regions of Ontario and some in the Fancher region of Wisconsin. Don't remember seeing the name in Kashub, Poland.
70) GORNOWICZ     GORNOWICZ
One or two in early history of Renfrew; quite common in Minto, Warsaw regions of North Dakota, and in Perham, Minnesota. Unknown otherwise in Ontario.
71) GOSTOMSKI     GOSTOMSKI
Origins in wies~ of Gostomek, in Lipusz Parish, Poland. Common name in Lipusz region of Poland; known also in Stevens Point, Polonia regions of Wisconsin and in Winona area of Minnesota. Unknown in Ontario. There are 5 in Stevens Point phone directory and 3 in the Winona phone directory.
72) GOSZKOWICZ     GOSZKOWICZ, GOSH
Name known in Stevens Point, Polonia regions, 11 in the phone directory there. Usually written as Gosh. Not frequent.
73) GRUCZALA     GRUCHALA
Name known in Lipusz, Kartuzy areas in Poland. Only other place the name has been encountered is in Minto, Warsaw regions of North Dakota.
74) GRULKOWSKI     GRULKOWSKI
Very well known Kashub name. Unknown in Ontario, but familiar in Wisconsin and Minnesota. There is 1 in Stevens Point and 5 in Winona phone directory.
75) GRYCH GREGG   GRYCH
Name known in Round Lake area of Ontario. Has been anglicized to Gregg. There is 1 Grych in Stevens Point phone directory.
76) GRZENIA GRZENIA, GREEN    
Kashub name known in early days in Renfrew, Ontario but because of the difficulty of pronunciation, the name was changed quite early to "Green". There are Greens in Renfrew, of Kashub origin and others of Irish origin.
77) GUTOWSKI GUTOSKI    
Origins perhaps in village of Gutowice near Lipusz. Name very common in Barry's Bay, Wilno regions of Ontario. Rarely seen elsewhere. Some in the Sobieski, Pulaski region of Wisconsin.
78) HELMINIAK, HEL~MIN~SKI      
Name common in the Stevens Point, Polonia area of Wisconsin. There are 13 Helminiak, 7 Helminski in the phone directory, but I am not sure if Kashub and if two different names.
79) HETMAN~SKI (See Etman~ski)      
A "hetman" is a commander-in-chief in the army.
80) HILDEBRANDT, HILDEBRAND HILDEBRANDT HILDEBRAND HILDEBRANDT
Quite a few Kashubs in the Barry's Bay, Renfrew regions in Ontario and in the Lipusz area of Poland. Five listed in Winona phone directory, but can't be sure if the people are of Kashub or German origin. Certainly some German precedence in name, but also very definitely Kashubized.
81) HINTZ, HINCA     HINTZA, HINTZ
Very common Kashub name in Poland and in Stevens Point, Polonia area of Wisconsin, 61 in the phone directory there, but not in the Winona area. One Hintza among very early settlers along Opeongo Line.
82) HOMERNIK, HAMERNICK     HOMERNICK, HAMERNIK, HAMERNICK
(See Omernik)
83) JAKUBEK YACKABACK YAKUBEC JAKUBEK
Well known in Lipusz area of Poland. A few Yackaback in Renfrew County, Ontario, 3 Jakubek in Stevens Point phone directory.
84) JAKUBOWSKI YAKABUSKI    
A common name throughout Poland; known also among the Kashubs. Common enough in the Barry's Bay, Renfrew areas, but not frequent in Kashub areas of U.S.A.
85) JANIKOWSKI     JANIKOWSKI
Name unknown in Ontario, but very popular in area south of Lipusz, Poland. Ten in Winona phone directory, 3 in Minto, Warsaw Parish, North Dakota. Very Kashub name.
86) JANKOWSKI YANKOWSKI   JANKOWSKI
Common Polish name known also in Kashub, Poland. Two early priests, one in Wilno, Ontario, another in Polonia, Wisconsin by that name. Seven in Stevens Point Polonia phone directory.
87) JANTA, JENTA YANTHA   JANTA
In early Wilno church records the name was spelled "Jenta". One "Jenta" in Renfrew cemetery. In U.S.A., name "Yanta" appears quite often in the Little Falls, Minnesota phone directory. One Yanta in Polonia, Stevens Point phone directory. Derivation of name unknown.
88) JENDE~RNAL, JEDRNAL YANDERNOLL    
Quite common name in Barry's Bay region of Ontario and a few in Lipusz, Poland. No matter which way you spell it the name does not seem to be of Polish or German derivation.
89) JASICKI YASHINSKI (Jasicki in early church records)    
The name appears quite often in the early Round Lake, Ontario church records. Later the name becomes Yashinski (Jasinski) and remains such to this day. Jasicki seems to be a Kashub name, Jasinski is very common all over Poland. Jasicki is not known to me in the U.S.A.
90) JASKĒLSKI YASKOLSKI YASKULSKI JASKOLSKI
Quite a common name in Barry's Bay, Wilno region. Not well known elsewhere. There is 1 or 2 in Hofa Park cemetery, Wisconsin; 2 or 3 in Winona, Minnesota phone directory.
91) JAZ|DZ|EWSKI, JASZEWSKI     JASZEWSKI, JAZDZEWSKI
Six in Stevens Point, Wisconsin phone directory; 10 Jaszewski in Winona phone directory. I believe it to be the same name as Ja—d—ewski - a difficult name. Unknown in Ontario.
92) JE~DRZEJEWSKI ANDRESKI   ANDREJESKI
Early Kashub name in Barry's Bay, Wilno records, but not frequent. Another difficult name for anglophones. Unseen elsewhere.
93) JEL~KOWSKI YOLKOSKI YOLKOWSKI  
Not too frequent a name, but is known in the Round Lake region of Ontario. Fr. Paul Yolkowski. Name unknown to author elsewhere.
94) JERECZEK YERETCH, YERECK YERECH JEREZEK, JERESEK
A very common Kashub name in Lipusz area of Poland, in Winona, Minnesota and in Barry's Bay, Wilno regions of Ontario and Otter Lake region of Quebec. Yeretch in Barry's Bay, Yereck in Otter Lake. There are 12 Jereczek, Jerezek, Jeresak in Winona, Minnesota phone directory.
95) JEZIERSKI YEZERSKI    
Name known in Lipusz, Poland, one of the early pioneers along the Opeongo Line was a Jezierski.
96) JUTRENKA UTRONKI YUTRZONKA  
A name found in Lipusz, Poland and in the Barry's Bay, Round Lake areas of Ontario. Fr. Zygmunt Jutrzenka-Trzebiatowski, parish priest of Lipusz in 1981.
(K in Polish often becomes C in English. Polish "C" is pronounced as "ts", e.g., Cebula = tsebula.)
97) KAISER KIEZER   KAJZER, KAISER
Very German sounding name but also Kashub. Common in Lipusz region of Poland. There are 8 in Winona, Minnesota directory, 1 in Stevens Point, 5 or 6 in Renfrew, Ontario. During World War I the Kaisers in Renfrew changed their name to Kiezer.
98) KAL~DUN~SKI     KALDUNSKI
There are 5 in Winona, Minnesota phone directory. Known in Lipusz, Poland, but not in Ontario.
99) KARGUS   KARGUS, KARGAS  
A name familiar only in the Renfrew area of Ontario.
100) KASZUBIK CASHUBEC CASHABACK  
Common name in Lipusz, Poland and once in Barry's Bay, Killaloe, Cobden areas of Ontario.
101) KASZUBOWSKI     KASZUBSKIS(?)
Not sure if this is the same name as Kaszubik. Several Kaszubskis in Stevens Point area of Wisconsin. Keith Kaszubowski in Hamburg, New York.
102) KIEDROWICZ     KEDROWICZ
Don't know relationship between the two names, Kiedrowicz is less common than Kiedrowski. There are 9 in Stevens Point, Wisconsin phone directory. No Kiedrowicz in Ontario.
103) KIEDROWSKI KEDROSKI   KIEDROWSKI, KEDROWSKI
Cassubia, Poland is full of Kiedrowskis. So is the Barry's Bay, Renfrew regions of Ontario. There are 16 Kedroski in Stevens Point, Wisconsin phone directory; 3 or 4 families in Minto, Warsaw regions of North Dakota.
104) KIZ|EWSKI     KIZEWSKI, CIZEWSKI(?), CISEWSKI(?)
There are 11 in Stevens Point, Polonia, Wisconsin regions.
105) KLAMAN KLEMAN CLEMAN KLAMAN
Common Kashub name in Lipusz, Poland and elsewhere and in Renfrew region of Ontario. There are 4 in Stevens Point, Polonia phone directory.
106) KLASIN~SKI (KLASZYN~SKI?)     KLOSINSKI, KLASINSKI
There are 13 in Stevens Point, Wisconsin phone directory; none in Ontario. Original Polish spelling - Klaszynski?
107) KLEINSCHMIDT     KLEINSCHMIT, KLESMITH, KLESMIT, KLEINSMITH KLISMET
German name but also thoroughly Kashub. Name famous around Lipusz, Poland for war heroes who died in Nazi concentration camp of Stutthof. There are 7 in Stevens Point, Wisconsin phone directory; 8 in Winona, Minnesota directory. No Kleinschmidts in Ontario, but the Chapeskis were related to Kleinschmidts in Kashub Poland.
108) KL~OPOTEK     KLOPOTEK, KLOPATEK
Common name familiar in Lipusz region of Poland; 10 in Stevens Point, Polonia directory. Name unknown in Ontario, except as przydomek, e.g.: Klopotek-G?owczewski.
109) KLUK KLUKE   KLUCK
Common name all through Kashub, Poland; frequent in the Otter Lake region of Quebec; a few around Barry's Bay, Renfrew, Ontario. There are 57 Kluck in Stevens Point, Polonia regions of Wisconsin. Could it be derived from the German name Klug?
110) KNITTER      
German, but a common name among the Kashubs. In Lipusz area of Poland. There are 9 in Stevens Point, Polonia phone directory. Unknown today in Ontario.
111) KNOPIK KENOPIC KENOPICK KENOPICK
"Knop" is the Polish word for "boy". As opposed to the Polish "Knapik", Knopik is widely known in Lipusz region of Poland, and in Renfrew, Ontario, rare in Barry's Bay area. About 10 Knopick in Winona, Minnesota phone directory.
112) KOBUS COBUS KOBUS KOBUS
Perhaps from the region south of Lipusz in Poland. Quite a few Cobus in Renfrew, Ontario, 3 Kobus in Winona, Minnesota phone directory.
113) KONKOL, KA~KIEL   KONKEL KONKOL, KONKEL
The name is very common, not in Lipusz, but in the north, northwestern areas of Kashub, Poland, close to the Baltic Sea. In U.S.A. the name is prevalent in the Detroit area. There are 14 Konkel listed in the Winona, Minnesota phone directory; over 50 Konkols in the Stevens Point, Polonia directory; also many Konkels have settled on Jones Island in the Milwaukee harbor. One of the most common Kashub names.
114) KONOPACKI KUNOPASKI KONOPACKY KONOPACKI
Known in Kashub region of Poland though also a familiar name in other parts of Poland. The name is known in Renfrew and in Round Lake parts of Ontario. There are 28 Konopacki listed in Stevens Point phone directory.
115) KOSSOBUDZKI KASABOSKI, KOSOBUCKI KASABUSKI KOSOBUDZKI, KOSOBUCKI
(Origin perhaps in Kossobudy, Poland)
There are 14 Kosobudzki listed in Stevens Point phone directory. The Barry's Bay Renfrew area lists quite a few Kasaboskis. This name is not to be confused with Kaszubowski. One Kosobud family in Minto, Warsaw, North Dakota.
116) KOSTKA     KOSTKA
Kashub name around Koscierzyna, Poland. Not known in Ontario. There are 5 in Stevens Point, Wisconsin phone directory. Not certain if St. Stanislaus Kostka was connected with the Kashubs, but he is revered by them and many of their churches are named after him.
117) KOWALEWSKI     KOVALESKI, KOWALEWSKI
Is a distinctively Kashub name but not encountered in the Lipusz area of Poland or in the Barry's Bay region of Ontario. There are 11 Kowalewski in Winona phone directory. Kowalewski's famous Fish Shop restaurant in Winona.
118) KOWALSKI KOVALSKI    
One finds Kowalskis among the Kashubs everywhere, but it is not a distinctly Kashub name. Kowalski is one of the most common names in Poland everywhere. "Kowal" means Blacksmith.
119) KOZL~WSKI KUSLUSKI KOZLOWSKI KOZLOWSKI
The name is a common one in Poland. Only in Renfrew, do you find Kusluskis in Canada, it seems. There are 3 Kozlowskis listed in Winona, Minnesota phone directory. This is not a uniquely Kashub name; 4 in Stevens Point phone directory.
120) KOZNACKI KOZNASKI    
The name is familiar in the Barry's Bay region of Ontario. Not certain if it is a Kashub name.
121) KUBISIAK KUBISHAK   KUBISIAK
Name familiar in Lipusz area of Poland and in Barry's Bay, Renfrew regions of Ontario. There are 17 Kubisiak in Stevens Point, Polonia telephone directory.
122) KUBISZEWSKI KUBISHESKI    
Common Kashub name in Lipusz and Les?o areas, Poland and in Barry's Bay, Renfrew regions of Ontario. None seen in U.S.A.
123) KUCZKOWSKI KUTCHCOSKI    
Found in Lipusz district, Poland and in Barry's Bay, Wilno region of Ontario. Found also in other regions of Poland.
124) KUKLIN~SKI, KUKLA     KUKLINSKI
More common in Les~no area of Poland. There are 6 in Stevens Point, Polonia areas in Wisconsin; 5 in Winona directory.
125) KUJACH KUIACK KUASH KUJAK
Common in Lipusz, Poland and in Barry's Bay, Wilno, Renfrew areas of Ontario and in U.S.A. There are 24 Kujak in Winona telephone directory. A common name in Lipusz area is Kujawski. Could it be another form of Kujach?
126) KULAS COULAS, KULAS COULES KULAS
This is one of the most common Kashub names everywhere in Kashub Poland, throughout Ontario and in the U.S.A. There are 18 in Stevens Point, Polonia phone directory, 26 in Winona, Minnesota directory, all spelled Kulas. In French "KU" is written "COU" and the early French priests in Renfrew, Ontario wrote the name down as "Coulas" (Kujach as Couya, etc.) and the spelling "Coulas" stuck in many families. Several Kulas families in Minto, Warsaw, North Dakota. Five Kulas boys from Winona were killed in World War II.
127) KURSZEWSKI     KURSZEWSKI
Probably a Kashub name. Unknown in Ontario. There are 17 Kurszewski in Stevens Point, Polonia phone directory.
128) KREFT, KREWTA, KREWT      
Quite a common name throughout Kashub, Poland, though doesn't seem to be of Polish origin. The only Kreft known to the author in Ontario was my great-grandmother, Mrs. Jacob Peplinski (nee Marianna Kreft). The name seems rare in the U.S. regions visited.
129) KROPIDL~OWSKI     KROPIDLOWSKI
Also probably a Kashub name. Unknown in Ontario. There are 21 in Stevens Point, Polonia phone directory; 5 in Winona directory.
130) KRUSZY~NSKI   KRUSZYNSKI  
There was a Kruszynski who lived to a good old age among the earliest Kashub pioneers along the Opeongo Line in Ontario. Otherwise the name disappeared in Canada. There are Krushas in the U.S., but I don't remember seeing any Krushynskis.
131) KRYZEL KREZEL    
A name that doesn't sound Polish. Only Krezels I know were and are in the Barry's Bay region of Ontario. "Krezel's Lake".
132) KSIA~Z|K

(Similar to word for book - "ksia~z|ka")

    KSIONSK
Not too common a name in Poland or America. None in Ontario. There are 4 in Stevens Point, Wisconsin phone directory.

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